The life of bees in the beehive

How is the life of a bee in the beehive? While bees are known to the general public as honey providers, it is important for the apiarist to know everything about the life of beehive bees, their characteristics and habits. ICKO Apiculture answers all these questions and assists beginner and professional beekeeper at every stage of their activity.

The different bees in the hive

As part of the family of Hymenoptera, the bee lives in the four corners of the globe outside the areas of intense cold. A good number of bee species are listed, but the best known are honey bees. Whether they are queens, worker bees, false bumble bees, they are all derived from an egg that the queen places in an alveole. To become a worker bee bee, fertilized female egg will be fed by a bowl of pollen and honey. From the 4th day, the egg becomes a grub, then after a few days the grub becomes a nymph, then a chrysalid and finally a bee after 15 days.

False bumble bees are the only drones of colony. Their presence is tolerated as they play the role of fertilizers. They live in the beehive during spring and summer. Their main mission is to foster queen and worker bees take care of feeding them. The queen, on the other hand, is alone in a colony and there can be no other. It is fed by worker bees with royal jelly. The breeding of the queen is an essential step in ensuring the renewal of the colony.

 

The role of worker bees in the hive

The worker bees are the most numerous in the colony. This hive bee can assume different functions depending on its age. During the first few days after birth, the young bee takes on the tasks of "cleaning" the hive. The young bee is responsible for cleaning the cells and the more experienced ones clean the bottom of the hive. Once bigger, the bee will become the nurse for the young larvae and take care of the brood. It must control each larva individually and supply them with the food it secretes.

From the age of 5 days, some bees become "bricklayers", that is to say those who build the cells. Thanks to their wax glands, these builders secrete wax that will help build the structure that houses the brood and honey. They carry out this work until they are about twenty days old. It is around this period that we find the ventilator bees. They play an important role because they maintain the temperature of the hive as well as its humidity level by flapping their wings. They also dry the nectar harvested by the foragers.

The life of the bee outside the hive begins at about twenty days. It then becomes a forager and harvests the nectar from the flowers.

ICKO, beekeeping professional for more than 50 years, accompanies you at all times by providing you with high quality solutions and equipment for the design of your apiary or the production of your honey.