How a honey extractor works
After the step of uncapping the frames, comes the moment of extraction of the honey that is contained in the cells. There are several methods of extracting honey by breaking the frames, but most beekeepers now use an extractor. The extractor should be made of stainless steel or food-grade plastic to avoid wear created by the acidity of the honey.
The honey extractor is a cylindrical shaped machine in which the frames are placed. This equipment uses centrifugal force to extract the honey from the frames. The frames will be fixed in the extractor and will rotate around an axis. So it is the centrifugal force that will gradually slide the honey out of the cells. The speed of rotation should generally be progressive. If the speed is too high and due to the weight of the honey, the frames may break inside the machine, which would result in the honey being mixed with impurities or wax.
Once the honey is out of the cells, it will come against the walls of the extractor. It will then slide gently along the wall until it flows into a tray with a sieve.
Types of honey extractors
Choose your honey extractor according to the size of your farm, your preferences but also the quality of the honey (especially its viscosity and weight). An extractor can be manual or electric as required. Manual devices have a crank handle to turn and therefore require the strength of a human arm. ICKO, your beekeeping partner, offers several types of extractors.
There are two types of honey extractors. The radial extractor in which the frames are placed perpendicular to the edge of the tank. This system makes it possible to empty both sides of the frame simultaneously. It is the ideal material if the honey is fluid because the work is fast.
There is also the tangential extractor, in which the frames are placed facing the wall. Several manipulations are necessary with this type of extractor, because the honey flows from only one side of the frame. Therefore, each frame must be turned over after extraction. The operation may have to be repeated several times. This system is particularly suitable for extracting viscous honey.