The choice of bees
Beekeeping activities are not difficult. However, they require a lot of attention and the respect of certain rules for the protection of bees but also of man. In order for the bees to come and settle in the hives, beekeepers look for their nests in nature and move them into the hives. Another technique is also to coat the bees' new home with wax. They will be attracted by the smell and thus a complete swarm is obtained. This is a successful method in areas where there are many colonies. But for beginners, it is always important to seek the advice of professionals. It is important to know that some artificial nest migrations carried out in beekeeping have led to the spread of certain bee diseases. Thus, it is mandatory to seek the advice of an expert beekeeper before proceeding with any queen or nest migration.
The different types of hive
The location of the hives is not fixed, they can be placed on a tree or on plots of wasteland or on terraced roofs. The beekeeping activity can be considered viable for any type of operator even if he does not have land. The only requirements for bees to be faithful to the hive are: a place close to a water source, an environment surrounded by flowering plants and trees, sheltered from wind and too much light. There are three types of hives: traditional, top-bar hives, and movable-frame hives. For the former they are made from on-site materials such as logs or clay pots... The essential role of the hive is to encourage the bees to make their nest. For the second type of hive, it is a model which is a little more practical but expensive. The bees settle on the lower part of the bars allowing to obtain different combs. The components too are all local.
Finally, the last hive for beekeeping, the one with movable frames, works in much the same way as the one with top bars. It is more present in industrialized countries. It is composed of rectangular frames made of wood or plastic, which are used to support the combs. There are two advantages to this model: easy inspection and handling of the colonies and easier harvesting of the honey.
Most traditional beekeepers own their business. Most of the bees in developing countries are still very healthy bees. It is therefore necessary to protect them and closely monitor any nest movement to avoid bee diseases.